shíshálh Nation | Sechelt, British Columbia, Canada

Resource Management

About the Department Important Today

Toll-Free:     |     |     604.885.3490

    P.O. Box 740, 5555 Sunshine Coast Highway, Sechelt, BC, Canada, V0N 3A0

    squinn@secheltnation.net |     Monday - Friday, 8:00am to 4:30pm


Our Team

Darlene Bulpit

Hatchery Manager

Dwayne Paul

Habitat Technician

dpaul@secheltnation.net

Jerry Johnson

Habitat Technician

jjohnson@secheltnation.net

Sid Quinn

Resource Director

Tel:
squinn@secheltnation.net

About Resource Management Department

The shíshálh Nation Resource Management Department is actively involved in many cooperative fisheries, wildlife and environmental stewardship activities throughout its territory. The main goal of the department is to protect, conserve and manage natural resources in a sustainable manner.

The Resource Management Department provides shíshálh Governmental services that includes assessments of salmon and trout, wildlife harvesting, as well as developing long term management goals that aid in the enhancement of fisheries, wildlife and forestry resources. We also, operate the McLean Hatchery that raise chum, pink, coho and chinook salmon for release into Sechelt Inlet.

The Resource Management Department also provides a Fisheries Consulting Service (FCS) in a one-stop fisheries/environmental assessment service. The FCS, established in 1993, provides fisheries and environmental assessment related services accepted by both the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) and Ministry of Environment (MOE) and a variety of clients involved in land development, forest management and hydroelectric development.

Summary of Service


Resource Management staff is presently comprised of a fisheries biologist, 3 fisheries technicians and 2 fish culturists. Specific services provided include:

In order to support these services, the FCS own and maintain a variety of field equipment, including:

In addition to these environmental services, the FSC is able to draw technical and professional support from forestry and archaeology within the Resource Management Department.


Grizzly Bear Encounters during Salmon Counts


Sechelt Nation Welcomes International Guests


Sechelt Creek Celebration

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Important Today

 Invasive Plants - Kw´éni-tsut “being cautious”

Invasive Plants - Kw´éni-tsut “being cautious”

Date Posted: 2014-08-10

Invasive plants found in our community are non-native vegetation which was introduced to Canada by Eurasia settlement either intentionally or by accident. These plants are considered a threat to the natural environment because they alter the structure and function of the local native ecosystems. They can affect the chemical makeup of the soil (water), availability of resources, alter our food web, disturb our medicinal plants and become a safety issue for humans. Invasive plants, also known as alien plant species, are dangerous because they are usually introduced without the natural predators and other organisms which limit the native vegetation. Invasive plants affect the habitats and bio-regions they invade in an economical, environmental and social aspect. Without any urgency, the historically beautiful bio-region of the shíshálh territory will likely be taken over by destructive foreign vegetation if not managed.

When dealing with invasive species it is important to realize that the longer you take to deal with them, the more difficult it will be at a later point and expense. The management of our invasive species is done through a coordinated effort with the Coastal Invasive Species Committee as well as through the Resource Department inventorying and documenting the invasive plants in a systematic approach without reinventing the wheel. We can all benefit from the shared knowledge of the CISC and others as well as partnering with others on invasive plant projects.

Inventories provide the basic information necessary for prioritizing invasive plant species, recording location and sizes, helps to prioritize treatment and management plans. They also provide data for clear direction for developing prevention practices and designing monitoring strategies. Inventories may be as simple as a sketch drawing on paper or as detailed as high resolution GIS mapping. Inventory methodology depends on the goals of the inventory, the resources available, and the size and accessibility of the area. A first step to inventory is to determine what information has already been collected then building a strategy from there.

The best treatment option depends on a number of factors including; knowledge of the potential damages of the weed, relative abundance of the plant species, characteristics of the site, the cost of the control method, environmental impacts of the weed and control option.

Prevention


Prevention, early detection and eradication of weed species is the most economical and effective means of invasive plant management. It is important to ensure new weed species or vegetative reproductive plant parts are not introduced into a new area.

Invasive plants can be spread in the following ways:


  • Contaminated seed, feed grain, hay, straw, mulch;

  • Movement of unclean equipment and vehicles across uncontaminated lands;

  • Livestock and wildlife;

  • Spreading gravel, and road fill that contains seed;

  • Nursery industry;

  • Recreation; (hiking, spreading through feet, gardening- practices)

  • Water, and wind transportation


Measures to prevent invasive plant spread:


  • Ensure vehicles and equipment are clean of invasive plants and seed;

  • Minimize soil disturbance in all construction and maintenance activities;

  • Promote the establishment of a healthy plant community;

  • Limit the movement of weed-infested soil or gravel;

  • Use certified weed-free seed mixes or vegetation in disturbed areas to provide competition for any new weeds;

  • Treat new infestation quickly - work with local invasive plant groups to deal with new infestation;

  • Contain neighboring infestations and restrict movement of invasive plant from adjacent lands, roadways, railways and waterways are often corridors for invasive plant spread and should be monitored for invasive plant establishment.

  • Education and outreach materials (spread the word about the weed Ex. Pamphlets)
 English Ivy (Hedera Helix) was brought to North America as a landscaping ornament as early as 1727. Ivy is an evergreen climbing plant and grows to be 20-30m and when suitable vertical surfaces are not available it expands along the ground. It is shade tolerant and is found growing in moist soils with well drainage. Ivy has also adapted to be tolerant to drought and pH changes but not salinity. It can be found near forest openings and edges, cliffs, steep slopes. The leaves and berries of English ivy contain the glycoside hederin which may cause toxicosis if ingested. English Ivy leaves alternate and are 50-100mm long. <br />
<br />
 The effects of uncontrolled Ivy is that it suffocates trees and shrubs by extending out to the hosts foliage and covering them; preventing photosynthesis from occurring. To remove Ivy it can be done mechanically or chemically. Mechanical removal is done by cutting the stem close to the ground then prying the ivy away from the tree trunks. This is also done in late summer or early fall before seed maturation.
 Himalayan Blackberry (Rubus discolor) In 1885, Luther Burbank, the famed European horticulturalist introduced this Armenian plant to America due to its excellent tasting berries and its foliage for animals. The habitat of this shrub is riparian areas. It grows well along road sides, disturbed soils, and wooded ravines. When in bloom the Himalayan Blackberry will produce a white or faint pink five petal flower. At maturity this evergreen can reach up to 3m in height and 12m in length. Its leaves are round or oblong shaped and are found in five leaflets. The only way to cut blackberry bushes is to cut them off completely- roots, stems, and everything. The shallow root system of these plants may cause erosion along stream banks; leaving sediments in the streams that increases flooding. This thicket also provides a home to rats.
 Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum) is a phototoxic plant; can cause pytophotodermatitis [Severe skin inflammations (blisters and burns) to a second degree]. All parts of the plant are toxic (including seeds). In an annual production of seeding it can produce up to 100,000 seeds. It originated in Asia and was introduced to Britain as an ornamental plant in the 1900´s then spread over to North America. It is a perennial member of the Parsley and Carrot family. Hogweed can grow to be about 6m tall. <br />
<br />
 If contacted wash the contacted area immediately and keep out of sun or UV rays for several days. The burns can last up to 72 hours. It will blister as it burn within 48 hours. These cause black or purplish scars that can last several of years. Getting the sap in the eye can cause temporary or permanent blindness.When removing Hogweed do not have any exposed skin, wear boots and goggles. Every time the contacted area is exposed to the sun it can burn up to ten years
 Bohemian Knotweed / Knotweed Species - (Fallopia) This invasive has the ability to grow through paved and tarmac areas and damages drainage and sewer systems. Japanese Knotweed also subjects archaeological sites to damage and has the capacity to grow through brick, concrete, wall structures and building foundations. Presence of the plant often results in decreased land and property values. Dangerous overgrowth impedes site lines for people causing public safety, travel routes for people and animals, hindering natural migration patterns. Knotweed  also causes erosion and bank instability.
 Scotch Broom -  (Cytisus scoparius) Broom is a threat because it crowds out existing plants and forms a dense, single-species thicket. Broom invades and thrives in many places especially on disturbed or bare soils and it is drought and cold tolerant. It is also highly flammable and creates fuel for fires with its oil content. Aggravates allergies reduces forest productivity and lead to economical losses.
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Marine Planning

Date Posted: 2014-08-09

Why is planning and management of shíshálh marine areas important to us?


Lessons from our Ancestors
As shíshálh people, our culture and livelihood have long been tied to the ocean and its rich resources. Working with their knowledge of natural processes in their environment, our ancestors effectively managed a wide variety of resources on land and at sea.

Food, Culture & Livelihoods
From Georgia Strait to the Sechelt and Jervis Inlets and their many associated waterways, the marine areas of our territory continue to provide our people with food such as fish, shellfish, crab and prawns, as well as with employment and experience in the traditional occupations of our ancestors.

New Challenges
With the rapidly growing population of our region, and more people coming to live, work and visit our territory, we face new challenges in making sure that the ocean resources that we have relied on for generations continue to thrive in present and future generations.

Disappearing Resources
Many of the marine plants and animals that have supported our people for generations are disappearing. The habitats that support these species are also in decline as they face increased pressures from use and from marine and shoreline development. Some fish and animals that used to be available in plenty in our territory are approaching extinction or local extirpation. Fishers acknowledge that there are not enough fish to go around. Meanwhile, shellfish that are still plentiful can often not be harvested because of contamination from chemicals and bacteria.

Conflicting Uses
As our marine resources become scarcer and more vulnerable, and as more people come to use the territory´s waters and shorelines, conflicts among users and among their activities on the water become increasingly common. Careful planning can help to enable users to go about their activities with minimal impact on one another and on the environment upon which they all depend.

Looking Forward
By working together, within the shíshálh Nation and with the many users of our territory, we can use our collective knowledge to plan and manage our marine areas and their uses effectively so that our marine environment and its resources can begin returning to health and continue to provide for all of us into the future.

The shíshálh Marine Use Plan project


Our marine environments and resources today face many pressures, which are having a growing impact on our ability to practice our culture and traditional occupations. To create a sustainable future for our people, for our culture and our for territory´s resources, we face the challenge of balancing the protection of our marine ecosystems with the cultural, ceremonial and economic needs and desires of our people, and with the needs and desires of all people who use our territory. Meeting this challenge requires a coordinated plan.

The Sechelt Indian Band has embarked on a feasibility study which lays the groundwork for the development of our own Marine Use Plan for the shíshàlh Nation territory. The process of developing this plan is based on the shíshálh Vision Statement and Guiding Principles for the Management of Lands and Resources, on input from the community, and on the experience of other communities, governments and organizations who have already developed, or begun development of marine use plans.

Together with our Strategic Land Use Plan (SLUP), the Marine Use Plan will act as a central, guiding document for the planning and management of all of our territory´s marine areas, including foreshore and intertidal areas. Our marine areas include open waters of Georgia Strait and Malaspina Strait to the far reaches of the territory´s many bays and inlets (see map below).

The main goal of the shíshálh Marine Use Plan project is to enable effective management of our marine areas to ensure that the ocean resources that have supported us for generations can continue to support our people, our traditions and our economy for many generations to come.

How can you get involved or continue to be involved?


The shíshálh Foreshore, Intertidal and Marine Use Plan is a document that is intended to reflect the community´s vision for our territory - specifically its marine, Intertidal and foreshore areas. Therefore, developing this Plan relies upon input from all members of the community. It is the goal of this plan to balance individual needs with the needs of the community as a whole, and at the same time, balance our social and economic needs with the needs of the natural environment, so that it may continue to support us long into the future.

If you would like to be part of planning the future of our marine areas, watch the Band newsletter for notices of upcoming meetings. If you have a specific concern you would like to share, contact the SIB Resource Management Department.

This information is provided for the use and benefit of Sechelt Nation members only, and was prepared to provide Sechelt Nation members with access to general overview information concerning Sechelt Nation traditional uses and land and marine use planning initiatives. This information is not intended, and cannot be relied on, as representing all information and evidence regarding Sechelt Nation Aboriginal title and rights within Sechelt Territory. This information cannot be used or relied on by any third party (government, company, municipality or individual) without the informed consent and further input of the Sechelt Nation.
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The Traditional shíshálh Calendar

Date Posted: 2014-08-08

Seasons sháshishálam Meaning Month sháshishálam Meaning Traditional Activities
Fall tém pélamiya when leaves fall September tem hénun shálshal Humpback salmon are spawning. Fish for Chum (dog) salmon. Collect crab apples.
October tem syanxw shálshal Chum (dog) salmon have main run. Collect sweves, late blueberries, snowberries, roots. Prepare bear and seal grease.
November tem kwemáyit´ shálshalh Coho salmon are spawning. Ceremonies, potlatches, dances.
Winter tem sutich cold weather December tem skw´étu? shálshal Ravens gather to feed. Ceremonies, potlatches, dances.
January tem k´áyekw shálshal Eagles gather to feed before going to nest sites. Collect cod eggs, fish for Stealhead and Lingcod. Basket making.
February tem skáki?em shálshal Loon first appears on coast. Basket making.
Spring tem spénum time to plant March tem stsátskay shálshal Shoots of salmonberry appear. Collect herring eggs, dulce, fish for Cod, Sturgeon.
      April tem slim shálshal Sandhill Crane appears. Collect herring eggs, oolicans, fern-fiddle heads, wild cherry bark, cascara bar, halibor bulb, frogs leaves, hunt for bears, rabbit. Trade and barter.
      May temsts´sixwts´ixw shálshal Osprey nests at this time. Sea onions can be eaten towards end of month. Fish for young coho, Halibut, hunt for Bear. Collect briars, sweet onion, wild cherry, cherry bark cascar bark.
Summer tem?iyus good sun June tem kw´iwk shálshal Salmonberries are ripe for eating Fishing. Collect huckleberries, salmon berries, wild strawberries, currants, saskatoon berries, wild celery, devils club, Indian licorice. Collect sweves, late blueberries, snowberries, roots. Prepare bear and seal grease.
      July tem sts´iwk´ shálshal Red Elderberry is ripe. Collect blackberries, thimbleberries, wild blackberries, wild crab apples, saskatoon berries, river weeds.
      August tem t´aka shálshal Salalberries ripen. Collect salal, wild crabapples, tyee spring. Hunt mountain goat.
This information is provided for the use and benefit of Sechelt Nation members only, and was prepared to provide Sechelt Nation members with access to general overview information concerning Sechelt Nation traditional uses and land and marine use planning initiatives.  This information is not intended, and cannot be relied on, as representing all information and evidence regarding Sechelt Nation Aboriginal title and rights within Sechelt Territory.  This information cannot be used or relied on by any third party (government, company, municipality or individual) without the informed consent and further input of the Sechelt Nation.
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Edible Berries of shíshálh Territory

Date Posted: 2014-08-08

Wild berries provided our ancestors with a delicious, nutritious local food. The following are some of the berries that were collected, and that continue to grow and be harvested in shíshálh territory. These fruits provide food not only for people, but for bears, birds and other animals too. This page lists sháshíshálem, English and Latin names for the plants, and provides pictures and information about their use, habitats and picking seasons.
 sts´íwk´ay <br />
<br />
Red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)<br />
Caution: Many parts of this plant are poisonous! <br />
Reportedly safe to eat when cooked, the fruits were traditionally cooked into thick jam and eaten, often mixed with other berries. <br />
Habitat: 	Moist soils. <br />
Season: 	Early summer.
 sxwúshum<br />
<br />
Soapberry  (Shepherdia Canadensis)<br />
Soapberries can be mixed with water and whipped into foam sometimes called “Indian ice-cream”. Traditionally, berries were not hand picked as they are too small and soft, but were harvested by holding the end of a berry-laden branch in one hand and hitting the taut branch with a stick, causing the small, soft berries to fall onto a clean mat that was placed beneath. The berries were eaten fresh, dried for later use or boiled into a syrup and then dried as a cake. They are an excellent source of vitamin C and iron. <br />
Habitat:Common at low to subalpine elevations in dry to moist open forests, openings and clearings. Often found on coarse, gravelly soils subject to periodic drying. <br />
Season:	Late July.
 lélach´ay <br />
<br />
Oregon grape (Mahonia (also Berberis) aquifolium) <br />
Berries eaten alone or mixed with other berries. Great for jellies. <br />
Habitat: 	Open or partially shaded areas with moist soil. <br />
Season: Fruit softens and darkens in late summer.
 skwelúma <br />
<br />
Red huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium)<br />
Habitat: 	Coastal regions, on acidic soil. <br />
Season: 	Summer.
 t´at´kastenamút <br />
<br />
Bunchberry  (Cornus Canadensis)<br />
t´at´kastenamút are not especially tasty on their own, though they can be used in sauces and puddings. <br />
Habitat:	Very common and widespread <br />
Season: 	mid to late summer
 kw´íkw´el <br />
<br />
Salmonberry  (Rubus spectabilis)<br />
Habitat: Like t´ekwém (thimbleberry), kw´íkw´el (Salmonberry) is common in moist woods, along streams and roadsides and in lower mountainous regions. <br />
Season: 	Late spring, early summer.
 schetúxwen <br />
<br />
Trailing blackberry  (Rubus ursinus)<br />
Unlike the common Himilayan blackberry, which was introduced to our territory from Eurasia, schetúxwen (Trailing blackberry) is native to our region. <br />
Habitat: The plant favours streambanks and other open or disturbed areas, such as roadside clearings. <br />
Season: 	July-August.
 ts´ekw´úma <br />
<br />
Blackcap (Rubus leucodermis)<br />
These purple or black raspberries are initially red and darken with age. They are very tasty when ripe. <br />
Habitat:	Fields and open or wooded hillsides at low to moderate elevations.
 t´élikw <br />
<br />
Wild strawberry  (Fragaria vesca)<br />
A small, sweet and delicious red berry. <br />
Habitat:	The typical habitat of this plant is along trails and roadsides, embankments, hillsides, stone and gravel laid paths and roads, meadows, young woodlands, sparse forest, woodland edges and clearings. Plants require sufficient light to form fruit. <br />
Season: 	Ripens in July.
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